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Use Phantom/Boo to build, test and publish to NuGet and GitHub


When building open-source, I used to handle the release process manually. Since each release involves executing unit tests, bundling, zipping and uploading to GitHub and NuGet, creating new git tags etc. the process was time consuming and error-prone. Since a release involved so many steps, I also released new versions quite seldom. Not good - automated build scrips to the rescue!

Actually, the release process did involve even more steps. After uploading a release to NuGet, I had to refresh and publish six NuGet packages. Since I used the NuGet Package Explorer, I had to refresh the file and dependency specs for each package, which added additional complexity to the process.

The solution

I realized that I had to do something. Unlike at work, where we use TeamCity, I found having a build server to be a bit overkill. However, maybe I could use a build script to automate the release process?

I first defined what the script must be able to help me out with:

  • Build and test all projects in the solution.
  • Automatically extract the resulting version.
  • Create a release folder or zip with all files.
  • Create a new release tag and push it to GitHub.
  • Create a NuGet package for each project and publish to NuGet.

The only piece of the process not covered by this was uploading the release file to GitHub, but that would probably be easy once I had a script that automatically generated a release zip for me.

Selecting a build system

In order to handle the release process, I needed a build system. I decided to go with Phantom, since I use it at work as well. It’s a convenient tool (although a new, official version would be nice), but left me with an annoying problem, which I will describe further down.

I simply added Phantom 0.3 to a folder under the solution root. No config is needed – the build.bat and build.boo files take care of everything.

The build.bat file

The build.bat file is used to trigger a build, build a .zip or perform a full publish from the command prompt. It’s placed in the solution root folder and looks like this:

@echo off
	
:: Change to the directory that this batch file is in
for /f %%i in ("%0") do set curpath=%%~dpi
cd /d %curpath%
	
:: Fetch input parameters
set target=%1
set config=%2
	
:: Set default target and config if needed
if "%target%"=="" set target=default
if "%config%"=="" set config=release
	
:: Execute the boo script with input params - accessible with env("x")
resources\phantom\phantom.exe -f:build.boo %target% -a:config=%config%

Those of you who read Joel Abrahamsson’s blog, probably recognize the first part. These two lines moves the script to the folder that contains the .bat file and executes from there.

The second section copies input params of interest. Here, target determines the operation to launch (build, deploy, zip or publish) and config what kind of build config to use (debug, release etc.)

The third section handles parameter fallback, in case some parameters aren’t provided. For instance, that if I only provide target, config will fall back to “release”.

Finally, the bat file calls phantom.exe using the build.boo file. It tells it to launch the provided “target” and provides “config” as an environment variable (the -a:config part).

All in all, the build.bat file is really simple. It sets a target and config and uses the values to trigger the build script.

The build.boo file

The build.boo build script file is bigger than the .bat file and defines various build targets. It’s also located in the solution root and looks like this:

import System.IO
 
project_name = "NExtra"
assembly_file = "SharedAssemblyInfo.cs"
 
build_folder = "_tmpbuild_/"
build_version = ""
build_config = env('config')
 
test_assemblies = (
 "${project_name}.Tests/bin/${build_config}/${project_name}.Tests.dll",
 "${project_name}.Web.Tests/bin/${build_config}/${project_name}.Web.Tests.dll",
 "${project_name}.Mvc.Tests/bin/${build_config}/${project_name}.Mvc.Tests.dll",
 "${project_name}.WPF.Tests/bin/${build_config}/${project_name}.WPF.Tests.dll",
 "${project_name}.WebForms.Tests/bin/${build_config}/${project_name}.WebForms.Tests.dll",
 "${project_name}.WinForms.Tests/bin/${build_config}/${project_name}.WinForms.Tests.dll",
)
 
target default, (compile, test):
 pass
 
target zip, (compile, test, copy):
 zip("${build_folder}", "${project_name}.${build_version}.zip")
 rmdir(build_folder)
 
target deploy, (compile, test, copy):
 with FileList(build_folder):
 .Include("**/**")
 .ForEach def(file):
 file.CopyToDirectory("{project_name}.${build_version}")
 rmdir(build_folder)
 
target publish, (zip, publish_nuget, publish_github):
 pass
  
 
target compile:
 msbuild(file: "${project_name}.sln", configuration: build_config, version: "4")
 
 //Probably a really crappy way to retrieve assembly
 //version, but I cannot use System.Reflection since
 //Phantom is old and if I recompile Phantom it does
 //not work. Also, since Phantom is old, it does not
 //find my plugin that can get new assembly versions.
 content = File.ReadAllText("${assembly_file}")
 start_index = content.IndexOf("AssemblyVersion(") + 17
 content = content.Substring(start_index)
 end_index = content.IndexOf("\"")
 build_version = content.Substring(0, end_index)
 
target test:
 nunit(assemblies: test_assemblies, enableTeamCity: true, toolPath: "resources/phantom/lib/nunit/nunit-console.exe", teamCityArgs: "v4.0 x86 NUnit-2.5.5")
 exec("del TestResult.xml")
 
target copy:
 rmdir(build_folder)
 mkdir(build_folder)
 
 File.Copy("README.md", "${build_folder}/README.txt", true)
 File.Copy("Release-notes.md", "${build_folder}/Release-notes.txt", true)
 
 with FileList(""):
 .Include("**/bin/${build_config}/*.dll")
 .Include("**/bin/${build_config}/*.pdb")
 .Include("**/bin/${build_config}/*.xml")
 .Exclude("**/bin/${build_config}/*.Tests.*")
 .Exclude("**/bin/${build_config}/nunit.framework.*")
 .Exclude("**/bin/${build_config}/nsubstitute.*")
 .ForEach def(file):
 File.Copy(file.FullName, "${build_folder}/${file.Name}", true)
 
target publish_nuget:
 File.Copy("README.md", "Resources\\README.txt", true)
 File.Copy("Release-notes.md", "Resources\\Release-notes.txt", true)
 
 exec("nuget" , "pack ${project_name}\\${project_name}.csproj -prop configuration=release")
 exec("nuget" , "pack ${project_name}.web\\${project_name}.web.csproj -prop configuration=release")
 exec("nuget" , "pack ${project_name}.mvc\\${project_name}.mvc.csproj -prop configuration=release")
 exec("nuget" , "pack ${project_name}.wpf\\${project_name}.wpf.csproj -prop configuration=release")
 exec("nuget" , "pack ${project_name}.webforms\\${project_name}.webforms.csproj -prop configuration=release")
 exec("nuget" , "pack ${project_name}.winforms\\${project_name}.winforms.csproj -prop configuration=release")
 
 exec("nuget push ${project_name}.${build_version}.nupkg")
 exec("nuget push ${project_name}.web.${build_version}.nupkg")
 exec("nuget push ${project_name}.mvc.${build_version}.nupkg")
 exec("nuget push ${project_name}.wpf.${build_version}.nupkg")
 exec("nuget push ${project_name}.webforms.${build_version}.nupkg")
 exec("nuget push ${project_name}.winforms.${build_version}.nupkg")
 
 exec("del *.nupkg")
 exec("del Resources\\README.txt")
 exec("del Resources\\Release-notes.txt")
 
target publish_github:
 exec("git add .")
 exec('git commit . -m "Publishing ${project_name} ' + "${build_version}" + '"')
 exec("git tag ${build_version}")
 exec("git push origin master")
 exec("git push origin ${build_version}")

Topmost, we see a System.IO import. This allows us to use System.IO for file operations. After that, I define some variables and list test assemblies to test.

Two variables worth mentioning is build_version, which is set in the compile step, as well as build_config, which is set by the input parameter in build.bat.

The next section of the file defines all public targets, that are intended to be callable by the user. These map directly to target in build.bat.

The public targets are:

  • default – Executes “compile” and “test”
  • zip – Executes “compile” and “test”, then creates a zip file
  • deploy – Executes “compile” and “test” then creates a folder
  • publish – Executes “zip”, then publishes to NuGet and GitHub

The private targets (that do the real work) are:

  • compile – Compiles the solution and extract the version number
  • test – Runs the NUnit builtin with the .NExtra test assemblies
  • copy – Copies all relevant files to the temporary build_folder
  • publish_nuget – Pack and publish each .NExtra project to NuGet
  • publish_github – Commit all changes, create a tag then push it

It’s not that complicated, but it is rather much. Read on for some hacks that I had to do to get the build process working as smooth as it does.

One assembly file to rule them all

I recently decided to extract common project information into a shared assembly file that looks like this:

using System.Reflection;
 
// General Information about an assembly is controlled through the following
// set of attributes. Change these attribute values to modify the information
// associated with an assembly.
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Daniel Saidi")]
[assembly: AssemblyProduct("NExtra")]
[assembly: AssemblyCopyright("Copyright © Daniel Saidi 2009-2012")]
[assembly: AssemblyTrademark("")]
 
// Make it easy to distinguish Debug and Release (i.e. Retail) builds;
// for example, through the file properties window.
#if DEBUG
[assembly: AssemblyConfiguration("Debug")]
#else
[assembly: AssemblyConfiguration("Retail")]
#endif
 
// Version information for an assembly consists of the following four values:
//
// Major Version
// Minor Version
// Build Number
// Revision
//
// You can specify all the values or you can default the Build and Revision Numbers
// by using the '*' as shown below:
[assembly: AssemblyVersion("2.6.3.4")]
[assembly: AssemblyFileVersion("2.6.3.4")]

The file defines shared information like version etc. It lets me specify shared properties that applies to all projects. I then link it into each project and remove the information from reach project info file.

Since my version management is a manual process (as I want it to be), I manage library version here and parse the file during the build process to retrieve the version number. The best way would be to use System.Reflection to analyze the library files, but this doesn’t work since Phantom uses .NET 3.5.

I tried recompiling Phantom to solve this, but then other things started crashing. The file parsing is thus an ugly hack at the moment, but it works.

Tweaking NuGet

After installing NuGet, typing nuget in the command prompt still triggered a warning message, since “nuget” was unknown. To solve this, either add the NuGet executable path to PATH or be lazy and use the nuget command line bootstrapper, which finds NuGet for you. You can download it from CodePlex.

Regarding each project’s nuspec file, they were easily created by calling nuget spec x where x is the path to the project file. A nuspec file is then generated. I then added some information that cannot be extracted from the assembly, like a project URL, icon etc. for each of these generated spec files.

Conclusion

This post became a rather long, but I hope it did explain my personal release process.

Using the build script, I can now call build.bat in the following ways:

  • build – build and test the solution
  • build zip – build and test the solution and generate a nextra..zip file
  • build deploy – build and test the solution and generate a nextra..zip folder
  • build publish – the same as build zip, but also publishes to NuGet and GitHub.

The build script saves me time, increases quality by reducing the amount of manual work and makes releasing new versions a breeze. I still have to upload the zip file to GitHub, but I find this to be a small task compared to all other steps. Maybe I’ll automate this one day, but this will do for now.

I strongly recommend all projects to use a build script, even for small projects where using a build server is overkill. Automating the release process is a ticket to heaven. Or very close to that.